Awarded a community licence by Ofcom in late 2019 and due to launch in the next few years. Jack Cade's Kent rebellion of 1450, and Wyatt's Rebellion of 1554 against Queen Mary I. See more. Many of the old strongholds, and many of the new, were called by the name burh or burg, which has come down to us in forms such as borough, burgh and bury, for example Boroughbridge, Edinburgh, Salisbury and Bury St. Edmunds. Under the nominal rule of William's half-brother Odo of Bayeux, the county was granted similar powers to those granted in the areas bordering Wales and Scotland. KMFM previously consisted of seven local stations which covered different areas of the county (and are still technically seven different licences) but have shared all programming since 2012. Its commercial rival is ITV Meridian Ltd, which has a newsroom at The Maidstone Studios despite the main studio being based in Hampshire. The father of novelist Charles Dickens worked at the Chatham Dockyard; in many of his books, the celebrated novelist featured the scenery of Chatham, Rochester, and the Cliffe marshes. In the previous year, Augustine successfully converted the pagan King Ãthelberht of Kent to Christianity. The average hours worked per week by residents of Kent were 43.1 for males and 30.9 for females. The ready supply of chalk and huge pits between Stone and Gravesend bear testament to that industry. , Julius Caesar described the area as Cantium, or the home of the Cantiaci, in 51 BC. Kent currently has more motorways by distance than any other county in the UK, with sections of the M2, M20, M25 and M26 totalling 173 km (107 mi) within the extents of the ceremonial county. providing school places for over 289,000 pupils. It closed in 2014.. There were also other workings around Burham on the tidal Medway. Twenty-eight survive within the county today, plus two replica mills and a further two in that part of Kent now absorbed into London. Occupation: King of Mercians in Anglo-Saxon England (757-796), Did not rule. This is believed to be the result of Kent being a front line county during the Napoleonic Wars. Two 18th century mills were on the River Len and at Tovil on the River Loose.  These two dioceses ensured that every village had a parish church. In association football, Kent's highest ranked football team is Gillingham FC, who play in Football League One. They occur in two major troughs, which extend under the English Channel.. Other names are derived from words denoting natural features such as hills, valleys, and so forth, where settlements of one or more houses may have sprung up. Of residents aged 16â74, 16% had a higher education qualification or the equivalent, compared to 20% nationwide..  The Kent Women cricket team has won the Women's County Championship seven times since it was established in 1997. Kent has three unique vernacular architecture forms: the oast house, the Wealden hall house, and Kentish peg-tiles. ", "Quake causes Kent Families to flee Homes", "Kent hit by 4.2 earthquake, shaking houses and waking residents", "Massive oil reserves lie under commuter belt in South, says report", "Kent (Borough of Gillingham and City of Rochester upon Medway) (Structural Change) Order 1996", "Democratically elected representatives in Medway", "Rosie Duffield wins Canterbury for Labour for first time", https://www.kentonline.co.uk/kent/news/border-to-be-set-up-inside-kent-could-see-7-000-lorry-queues-234290/, "Brexit: Lorry drivers will need a permit to enter Kent after transition period", "Marlowe theatre: curtain rises on Canterbury's Â£25.6m revamp", "History of the South Eastern & Chatham Railway", "Call for end to selective education as 'grammar school areas' fail", We ended up with a lake â Kent CEO Jamie Clifford, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kent&oldid=1002147843, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with disputed statements from April 2017, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March 2015, Articles needing additional references from February 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles prone to spam from February 2013, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, ÐÐµÐ»Ð°ÑÑÑÐºÐ°Ñ (ÑÐ°ÑÐ°ÑÐºÐµÐ²ÑÑÐ°)â, Srpskohrvatski / ÑÑÐ¿ÑÐºÐ¾Ñ ÑÐ²Ð°ÑÑÐºÐ¸, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Nearer to London, market gardens also flourish. For other uses, see, Kent (Borough of Gillingham and City of Rochester upon Medway) (Structural Change) Order 1996, David Haste, The Art Schools of Kent (London: Werther Books, 2014), Kent Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, List of settlements in Kent by population, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Kent loses its Garden of England title to North Yorkshire, "Kent | Origin and history of Kent by Online Etymology Dictionary", "Are you a Kentish Man or a Man of Kent and which side of the Medway is the best place to be? The Coal Measures within the Westphalian Sandstone are about 250â400 m (820â1,310 ft) deep, and are subject to flooding. Kent's principal river, the River Medway, rises near East Grinstead in Sussex and flows eastwards to Maidstone. Part of the M25 runs through Kent, from Westerham to the Dartford Crossing. Nonetheless, some of these small art schools developed into much larger organisations, including Canterbury College of Art, founded by Thomas Sidney Cooper in 1868, which is today the University for the Creative Arts.. In the council elections of May 2015 the United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP) took control of the Council[which? There are many places throughout the country which derive their names from pagan deities whose shrines must have been situated there, or whose property the lane had become. Some of the place-names ending in well are of the Anglo-Saxon period, derived from wella, a “wellâ; but the use of the word burn or bourne, meaning “a stream,â is not usually as early. The word low, as in Hounslow and Ludlow, is the Anglo-Saxon hlaw, meaning a rise or low hill. Originally the East Kent Railway in 1858, it linked the northeast Kent coast with London terminals at Victoria and Blackfriars. Tewesley, in Surrey, means Tew`s ley or pasture-land, Tew being the god of war whose name has come down into modern language in the form of the Deuce. At the 2001 UK census[out of date], employment statistics for the residents in Kent, including Medway, were as follows: 41.1% in full-time employment, 12.4% in part-time employment, 9.1% self-employed, 2.9% unemployed, 2.3% students with jobs, 3.7% students without jobs, 12.3% retired, 7.3% looking after home or family, 4.3% permanently sick or disabled, and 2.7% economically inactive for other reasons. Shoreline FM (Romney Marsh) broadcasting since January 2020 on 101.1FM. At the 2013 county council elections, control of Kent County Council was held by the Conservatives, who won 44 of the council's 83 seats. There was little if any damage reported. Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.It borders Greater London to the north-west, Surrey to the west and East Sussex to the south-west. In rugby union, Canterbury RFC play in the fourth-tier of English rugby in the National League 2 South. Caesar wrote that the people of Kent were 'by far the most civilised inhabitants of Britain'. Located between London and the Strait of Dover, which separates England from mainland Europe, Kent has been the setting for both conflict and diplomacy, including the Battle of Britain in World War II and the Leeds Castle peace talks of 1978 and 2004. Name definition, a word or a combination of words by which a person, place, or thing, a body or class, or any object of thought is designated, called, or known. The most likely reason for this is that in 1086 Hamon, dapifer and Sheriff of Kent, owned the manor and, perhaps illegally, annexed it to Kent. The county's largest theatre is the Marlowe Theatre in the centre of Canterbury. It is among the oldest of the world’s great cities—its history spanning nearly two millennia—and one of the most cosmopolitan. There are two nuclear power stations at Dungeness, although the older one, Dungeness A, built in 1965, was decommissioned in 2006.. Dover Community Radio (DCR) Dover: currently online only; in May 2020 this was a granted a community radio licence and will start broadcasting in the next few years.  All but one of Kent's district councils are controlled by the Conservatives: a minority Labour administration took control of Thanet District in December 2011 after a Conservative councillor defected to the Independent group. In 1965 the London boroughs of Bromley and Bexley were created from nine towns formerly in Kent.  The easterly section of the Wealden dome has been eroded away by the sea, and cliffs such as the White Cliffs of Dover are present where a chalk ridge known as the North Downs meets the coast. It borders Greater London to the north-west, Surrey to the west and East Sussex to the south-west. France can be seen clearly in fine weather from Folkestone and the White Cliffs of Dover.  With the motorways in the late twentieth century came the M2 motorway bridge spanning the Medway and the Dartford tunnel and the Dartford Bridge spanning the Thames. Markets or market-towns were sometimes called by the old word ceap, “barter,â which now has various forms suc has chap, cheap, and chip, as in Chepstow, Cheapside and Chipstead. By the reign of Elizabeth I (1558â1603) a small dockyard had been established at Chatham. [clarification needed] There remained a need to defend London and thus Kent. Kent County Council's headquarters are in Maidstone, while Medway's offices are at Gun Wharf, Chatham.  The Medway has captured the head waters of other rivers such as the River Darent. 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