The North African ostrich (Struthio camelus camelus) is the largest living bird in the world. Biodiversity: Stretches of sand in the desert are combined by small hills and sandy and gravel plains. It is characterized by its long, twisted horns and pale coat color which also lends it the name of white antelope. milk production ability, drought resistant and hardy against the high ambient temperature of the deserted ecosystem. Leopard geckos are naturally found in South Asia ranging from India, through the desert parts of Pakistan up to parts of Afghanistan, Iraq and Iran. Table Biometric parameters of Kharani breed (cm), Table Reproductive and productive traits of the Kharani Camel, v High milk yield in the hostile desert conditions. Apart from the dromedary camel and goats, the desert hosts the highly feared deathstalker scorpion, the extremely venomous sand viper, the elegant and fierce cheetah, the graceful gazelles, the swift-footed red-necked ostrich and other unique and magnificent species. I explore deserts and grazing lands for knowledge and understanding. The Sahara Desert hosts an incredible array of species that are well-adapted to survive in the extreme desert climate. I’m the founder and head of the Society of Animal, Veterinary and Animal Scientists (SAVES), and Founder of the Camel Association of Pakistan. Life in the stark nomadic environs of Balochistan shifts in tune to the shifting dunes of the great Kharan Desert. The Addax Antelope is found in isolated pockets of the Sahara Desert. Long legs, neck, and oval foot pads are the salient feature of the breed. The presence of a pair of supraocular "horns" helps to easily distinguish this viper species from others. The Sahara Desert is home to the Marathon des Sables 150-mile footrace. Weaning weight at (12 months) is about 165-180 kg. Currently, the bird is classified as Least Concern because of its widespread distribution. The high milk yield is one of the best economic potentials of this breed. These people use camels for transport of people and cargos in the area. The name of this breed is derived from the famous Kharan desert. ( Log Out / Hunting for meat and habitat loss threatens the survival of this species. The critically endangered species of gazelle, the dama gazelle (Nanger dama) is today found only in Niger, Chad, and Mali though earlier it had a more widespread distribution. They live in big groups of 10-80 animals and forage together. There are two special traits of the breed, i.e. The population size estimated ranges from 9000 to 13000 and there is a speedy decline in the population. These gazelles are active between dusk to dawn when they forage for leaves, fruits, twigs, and flowers of desert vegetation. The second major breeding goal is to produce camel well adapted to the desert ecosystem. Kharan Desert. peopleworldorder.wordpress.com/2019/10/01/sha…, Art of Camel Hair Shearing~The Camels' Attraction, Plastic Pollution is a Killer for Camels in the Desert, Plants that are Liked such as Icecream by the Camels. The small farmers are mostly sedentary owners provide supplementation in the winter season because of the low or even no vegetation availability in the region. The respondents stated that the animals are sold in the local market of the town and rarely sell locally. Kharan Desert • The Kharan Desert is located in Northeast Baluchistan. The Indus Valley Desert is drier and less hospitable than the Northwestern thorn scrub forests that surround it. This sandy and mountainous region also served as a site of Pakistan’s second nuclear test, Chagai-II, which was carried out on 30 May 1998. The species is now found in only 6 of the 18 countries where it once existed. These camels are highly adapted to survive in arid conditions and are mainly nocturnal in nature. The notable fauna of the Kyzylkum Desert includes the Russian tortoise, Desert monitor, saiga antelope, Bukhara Deer, common pheasant, golden eagle, and others. Do we Know our Potential Candidate of Food Insurance in Climate Change Challenge? Antelopes are their primary prey. Kharan is a town in Kharan District, Balochistan, Pakistan. The desertification control and rainwater harvesting activities in Kharan Desert 01/23/2012 Kharan desert 35 36. 70 mammalian species, 90 species of birds, 100 species of reptiles, and several species of spiders, scorpions, and other smaller forms of life, call the Sahara Desert their home. Change ). This is the reason why most of these camels are domesticated by the people living in or near the Sahara Desert. The dorcas gazelle (Gazella dorcas), a small gazelle species, inhabits the Sahara Desert and surrounding grasslands. I had performed as a Professor and Dean, at the Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lasbela University of Agriculture, Water and Marine Sciences Pakistan (LUAWMS). Here is a discussion between 2 scientis…, Sharing Ideas in Agriculture and Allied Fields. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Only about 250 mature adults of this critically endangered species survive today. Kharan These areas receive very little rain fall and are have large tracts of barren wastelands, with formation of sand dunes rising sometime to 150 m above ground level. The same methodology is used in the countries of Central Asia and the product is known as camel Vodka locally. Only about 250 mature adults of this critically endangered species survive today. km. The fruits of this plant is use for some remedies as herbal. Kharani camel is one of the best milk producers in the world and produces up to 40 liters of milk per day. The desert monitor (Varanus griseus) is a carnivorous lizard species found in the Sahara Desert. The addax, a species of white antelope, is known to survive for as long as a year without drinking water. The dorcas gazelle is well-adapted to life in the desert. Our planet is the home for human and animals. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Addax Antelope. These lead to premature births among livestock, and the malnutrition rate increases among children under 5 years of age. illegal export to Iran both male and female animals, a threat to the ecosystem of Kharani breed because of the deforestation and some herders now practice cross-breeding to produce Rodbari camel which is a good race animal in the desert. The pastoral people know the importance of the color of a breed and correlate it with the specific trait. It produces a lethal cocktail of neurotoxins that might trigger excruciating pain in an adult human when bitten by this scorpion. Iim advocating camel under the theme of CAMEL4LIFE and believe in camel potential. Deserts around the world vary in the types of animals they offer. Among the top predatory animals that live in the Sahara Desert is the Saharan cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus hecki). It stretches across much of Northern Africa, covering about 31% of the African landmass. One is the increase in food in desert regions due to the successful growth of specific crops that are well-suited to the dry and hot environment. A critically endangered species, the addax antelope (Addax nasomaculatus) is rarely sighted in the Sahara. They mainly hunt at night. According to the historian Istakhari, its name was Qaran after the name of the Qaran or Barfen mountains. These camels have been domesticated by the human settlers of the Sahara and are utilized for various purposes like transport and meat. This animal is a cold-blooded creature and hence goes into hibernation from September to April. These animals usually take shelter inside rock crevices and come out at the time of foraging. The Karan Desert is a vast desert situated in the Balochistan province in south-western Pakistan. Most animals avoid being out in the sun during the hottest part of the day. A unique animal, the Saharan Silver Ant (Cataglyphis bombycina), remains active for only 10 minutes a day. Hunting for food, capture for farming, loss of habitat, etc., has led to the rapid decline of the population of this ostrich. They are well adapted to survive the extremes of the desert habitat in which they live. Due to the diversified environment and ecosystem, the vegetation, human culture and animal life in this arid region is very rich in contrast to the other deserts of the world. Kharani camel is found in the Chaghai-Kharan desert of Balochistan Pakistan. let love our planet via observing it. The male is ready for breeding at the 4 years of age and female reaches to the time of mating at the age of 2.5-3 years. Indiscriminate hunting has wiped out large populations of this animal. Kharani camel is found in the desert ecosystem of the Chaghai Kharan desert ecological zone. Its sandy color well camouflages it in the desert, making it difficult to be detected.The Rüppell's fox (Vulpes rueppellii) is a small fox with a sandy coat and an omnivorous diet. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Another species of venomous viper, the Cerastes cerastes also lives in the Sahara. I’m PhD in Animal Agriculture, currently working as a Technical Manager at Al Ain Farms for Livestock Production, Camel dairying, Alain, UAE. The region is the cradle of the precious animal genetic resources like Kharani camel and Morak goat. Kharan Desert. It covers an area of about 48,051 sq. The region has a dry climate. When drought hits the people and animals face an acute shortage of fodder and cereal crops, as well as water scarcity. Occasionally, they also hunt hares. It grows up to about 9 feet in length, has a pinkish-red neck, black/white plumage in males and gray plumage in females. It ensures life in the desert. It … Rainfall is very scarce in the desert leaving it with dry lakes. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Traditional Animal Genetic Resources for Food & Agriculture, Climate Change, Ethnoecology, Ethnobotany, Traditional Knowledge, One Health, Sustainable Farming, Healthy Food, and Natural Health. I’m an ethnoecologist, ethnobotanist, Ethnovet and ethomedicie researcher and reviewer. These creatures have longer legs than other ants and produce heat shock proteins before exiting their burrows. A weight of the calf at the birth is almost 30-40 kg, depending upon the sex, nutritional and health status of the dam. Animals in the Sahara Desert include gazelle, deer, hyenas, ostriches, owls, crocodiles, lizards and cobras. Get answers to your questions in our photography forums. This desert is considered as the home of 5 huge mammals: Indian wolf, Indian leopard, hyena, caracal, and urial. They feed on antelopes like the addax and the gazelles. Some smugglers buy local livestock at cheap prices and smuggle it to Iran and earn handsome money. The owners are really wise and had almost eliminated the role of middleman. Several species of lizards, snakes, and scorpions also live in the desert. It also finds its place on our list of “What Animals Live In The Sahara Desert?”. It occupies an area of 9,400,000 square km that is comparable to the size of the United States. The milk is widely used in the region and therefore having high consumer preference. Kharan Desert (Balochistan) Kharan Desert) is a desert located in Kharan District, Balochistan, Pakistan. Dromedary Camels … All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, The Sahara Sea: A Hypothetical Project To Create A Sea In The Sahara Desert. With fewer than 2,500 individuals of the rhim gazelle (Gazella leptoceros) left in the wild, this species has been declared to be endangered by IUCN. 70 mammalian species, 90 species of birds, 100 species of reptiles, and other smaller forms of life are found in the Sahara Desert. The African silverbill (Euodice cantans) is a bird that lives in arid landscapes. By incorporating these two agricultural techniques,countries should expect two results. They are found primarily in the central western parts of the desert. Ruthless climates of the Indus Valley Desert make it very hard to farm or live in this area. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Kharani camel is one of the important camel breed, well adapted to desert ecosystem and play a pivotal role in the socio-economic and socio-cultural life of the pastoral people of that region. Sorain is highly preferred and can be stored for up to one week without refrigeration. Expert news, reviews and videos of the latest digital cameras, lenses, accessories, and phones. The desert is home to such a wide variety of animals one would be hard-pressed to find a defining characteristic of them all. The Sahara Desert hosts an incredible array of species that are well-adapted to survive in the desert climate. An endangered species, the African wild dog (Lycaon pictus) is native to sub-Saharan Africa. Balochistan has relatively small area of plains, including the Kachi Plain, Lasbela and of river Dasht. The 18 countries where it once existed of deathstalker bites include Makran, Kharan, Chaghi, Sulaiman,,... 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